Bhoop / Bhupali


One of the popular Raga-s in Indian music system, Bhoop is performed in evening from six to nine. The straight use of notes S R G P D S defines this Raga. Notes and M and N are barred. Being sosnant and cnosonant, Gandhar and Dahaivat are prominently used but from point of Thaharav (sustained use of a note) Gandhar, Rishabh and Pancham are signinficant in that order.



Ascending order / Progression
S R G P D S*
Descending order / Regression
S* D P G R S
Penta-tonic (Audav - Audav)
Sonant Note G
Consonant Note D
Time for rendering Evening

Pt. Vishnu Narayan Bhatkhande in his Kramik Pustak Malika, Vol III gives a Lakshan-geet for Bhupali and distinguishes it from other Raga-s of similar nature.

  Ma Ni baraja gaye, ragini karaj ba Create a Ragini banishing Ma and Ni  
  Bhupalli ang kahat guni sab, shuddha kalyanabi The wise proclaim, Bhupali is Kalyan of pure notes  
  Loomanak jat Ma Ni baraja gaye So long, Ma and Ni are not used in singing  
  Ga vadi aru Dha samvadi,
Ga as sonant and Dha, the consonant  
  Deshikar mein ansh su Dhaivat A touch of Dhaivat added to Deshkar  
  Raga Vibhasus jat komal Dha Re But turns to Vibhas with flat Dha and Re  
  Shastra bhed samajhay Chatur 'Chatur' discloses this secret  
  Ma Ni baraja gaye Sing, banishing Ma and Nii  

The Lakshan-geet(s) are not the final word but a starting point. Thus this verse (written by 'Chatur', the pen-name for Pt. Bhatkhande) too should be taken as an introduction to the Raga; indications taken literally as law are likely to inhibit understanding.

Find Misrabani compositions in Rag Vibodh: Misrabani and Rag Rupanjali

Sitar Compositions in Ome Swarlipi by Dr Ragini Trivedi (Omenad, 2010) now available for purchase at